C. Costsť Benefits, and Effectiveness (Continued)
o Under the Education Television and Technology Program, the 12 school-
based technology demonstration programs were funded with $1.6 million
in FY 1983. Although still in the first year of development, they were
already receiving considerable publicity* requests for information,
and site visitors* They were also attracting funds from other sources
to enhance their own development and dissemination efforts, and were
systematically collecting data on the impact of their technology
applications on student achievement.
o Under the law-Related Education Program, 12 grants were made averaging
about $83,300 each.
A three-year research study on the impact of Law-Related Education on stu-
dents was completed in 1984. It was the second national study of the
effectiveness of the Law-Related Education Program. The findings, pub-
lished in 1984, confirmed previous findings that law-related education, when
taught according to specific, identifiable standards, can serve as a sig-
nificant deterrent to delinquent behavior.
The evaluation found that students who are exposed to law-related educa-
tion programs are less likely than others the same age to engage in eight
of the 10 categories of delinquent behavior examined. Among law-related
education students, rates dropped for offenses ranging from truancy and
cheating on tests to smoking marijuana and acts usually classified as
felonies. These students also showed improvement in many factors associ-
ated with law-abiding behavior, including favorable attitudes toward school
and the police and avoidance of delinquent friends (E.7).
D. Plans for Program Improvement and Recommendations for Legislation
In order to award grants early enough for planning and implementation of
demonstrations during school year 1984-85, notices about grant competi-
tions supported by the Secretary's Discretionary Program will be published
earlier in the year.
New'NDN program regulations require educational programs to be reviewed
by ED's Joint Dissemination Review Panel for evidence of effectiveness
every four years.
E. Supporting Studies and Analyses Cited in Section C Above
1. National Diffusion Network analyses of grantee applications.
2. Crandall, David P. and Associates, People, Policies, and Practices:
Examining the Chain of School Improvement, Volumes I-X.Andover, MA:
The Network, Inc., 1983. '. "
3. Crandall, D.P., C.L. Thompson, and J.A. Taylor, The National Diffusion
Network: A Special Report. Andover, MA: The NETWORK, Inc., November
1980.es toward learning.ca,